Lingo - Songwriting

Plug into the business

Author

The creator of “Intellectual Property” such as literary, musical and dramatic works; choreography; pictorial, graphic and sculptural works; audio/visual works and sound recordings. Therefore, the word author can denote composer, lyricist, record producer, choreographer, artist, photographer, writer or other creator (see “Work for Hire”).

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Background Music

Music used (other than as feature or theme music) that creates mood and supports the spoken dialogue of a radio program or visual action of an audio/visual work.

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Catalog(ue)

The most commonly used word in reference to the collection of songs owned by a publisher/songwriter.

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Composer

Person who creates musical compositions for motion pictures and other audio/visual works, or the creator of classical music compositions.

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Controlled Composition

A composition written or co-written by the recording artist (and sometimes the producer per the artist contract) under an exclusive recording agreement. Typically, the recording company will pay 75 percent of the minimum statutory rate on only 10 cuts per CD and two cuts per single, regardless of the actual number of sides or length of the composition(s).

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Derivative Work

A work derived from another work, such as a translation, musical arrangement, sound recording, or motion picture version.

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Lead Sheet

A hand-made (usually) reproduction on paper of a newly-written song.

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Print Music

Music used in the following printed editions: 1. Sheet Music—Musical compositions printed on unbound sheets of paper containing the music and lyrics for both popular and classical music. 2. Folio—A collection of songs written by various artists, having a common link or theme (love songs, top hits of an era, selections from a Broadway show, etc.). 3. Arrangements for a particular musical instrument (i.e., accordion, banjo, guitar, drums, piano, etc.). 4. Concert Edition—A collection of songs arranged for performance for a group of voices or instruments, commonly available in choral, orchestra, and/or band arrangements.


5. Method Book—An educational or method book containing instructions and exercises for
developing and improving techniques categorized to their level of difficulty.

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Score

The music that is used in synchronization to an audio/visual work, or the body of music composed for a dramatic-musical work.

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Songwriter

Person who conceives and constructs the lyrics and music to create songs. This should be you!

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